I hate the Communist Party chapter 120
Chapter 47 — The aesthetics of pruning
In fact, the occupation of craftsmanship was inevitable to decline when considering the passing of time in the world, which was getting faster.
This is because the time required for one apprentice to become an artisan capable of fulfilling its part could not be said as a joke.
In addition, considering the industrial revolution after the invention of the steam engine and the factories that pour out large quantities of goods, the craftsmen who run workshops with fewer than 20 people at most are not comparable in terms of price, and sometimes in terms of quality. It was even more so when I thought that there were times when I couldn’t or even be pushed back compared to the factory system.
However, considering the proportion of handicrafts in the creation of jobs in the industrial sector still within the Russian Empire, this could not be regarded as simply a natural result of the times.
While the number of workers classified as craftsmen in 1890 was just 2 million, the number of workers classified as workers in factories during the same period was only 1.7 million.
Although the number of factory workers is increasing rapidly, as the number of factory workers is increasing rapidly as the policy to foster the industry through connection with the conglomerates is in place, the abolition of Mir and the expansion of the freedom of farmers to move within the country, the number of craftsmen is still increasing. There was a trend.
‘Because the number of craftsmen in Won history increased from 2 million to 2.75 million in 10 years.’
However, if the number of craftsmen increases in the short term, it was not good to just stay still, thinking that the situation was okay.
This is because the majority of the growing numbers are not making their own products, but simply subcontractors of factories or those who are engaged in tasks that machines cannot currently perform.
In other words, it could be said to be a cheap job that could disappear at any time, to put it straightforwardly, that it could not produce very high added value.
It was the dark side of the historic capitalism and industrial sector that it was difficult for people who were labeled as subcontractors to live.
‘Even if you still have to do it with human hands, it’s only a matter of time before the machine retracts.’
In the printing industry, which can be said to be the most mechanized, there were still people who were doing things that machines couldn’t do.
They were none other than those who performed Sun Moon work¹, but they were also expected to lose their jobs when Moon Sun-ki was introduced.
“I think we need a policy related to craftsmen anyway.”
“You mean a craftsman? Your Majesty, I just told you that the craft industry is in a difficult situation, but this is a natural phenomenon. Britain in the past is also a path that has passed, and it has been through any country that has gone through the path of industrialization ahead of us. Of course, there may be unemployed people or those whose incomes have been cut off during this process, but those who will have to absorb them into jobs in factories that have increased in return for the benefit. You are not trying to impose sanctions on large corporations for craftsmen, right?”
He was right. Even if I had a countermeasure for the craftsmen, I wouldn’t be able to mitigate every shock.
But I knew how to expect that it would do better than doing nothing.
“It may be so, but I know that the same phenomenon is natural, Minister of Finance. However, considering that craftsmen still account for a high percentage of the total number of jobs in Korea, shouldn’t we pay attention to related measures? In addition, simply because jobs in one field decrease and jobs in another field increase, it is not likely that all those who worked in the decreased field will be able to work in the increased field.
And you can’t just look at this problem by re-employment. Can a skilled worker who has pride in his abilities and career and runs a workshop can feel satisfied with his life as a simple worker who only repeats simple labor overnight and falls far short of expectations? Right now, your salary is the same, but if your job is pushed back to a simple stamp-taking job, I’m saying that I would be skeptical of what I’ve been doing so far. Keep in mind. It seems that now the populists are all gone, but they are always looking for a chance to reveal their fangs.”
Bite heard me and seemed to understand to some extent.
It was not yet a modern society where people who worked in field B couldn’t be put into jobs without prior understanding of field A due to the high complexity and convergence of industries, but people or skilled workers who ran workshops that would come out of the process. I had to think about the deprivation they would feel.
And those who were in this state were, above all, deserving objects for the populists.
Because no class was more vulnerable to the sweet whispers of populists than those who had cracks in their hearts and dissatisfied with society.
“There is a point in His Majesty’s words, but there is a problem. Providing support measures for handicraft workers will also consume enormous amounts of finances, and voices of dissatisfaction will also come from chaebols who run large enterprises. In addition, due to the unified policy stance, redundant investment and the resulting decrease in the effectiveness of the policy will also occur. Do you have any measures for this?”
Bite’s concerns made sense, but he seemed to be a little mistaken.
This is because the purpose of this policy was not to support all fields of handicrafts.
What I was trying to save was handicraft in the field that can create high added value.
There, I had in advance the strong supporters who would shoot money instead of the government in implementing this policy.
“As you say, you can’t let all craftsmen maintain their own workshops and compete with the factories. That’s not what we want, not just chaebols. However, shouldn’t we provide opportunities for those who have a high output-to-input, if only a little support or a stage is provided? I think you also know about Karl Faberge, who has a workshop here.”
The Faberge I mentioned was none other than that of the famous Faberge’s ancient jeweler who made the eggs and spiders.
The value of the work he made was so high that even a certain nobleman could not purchase it, and if it was not the emperor or his relatives, he could have it with a great nobleman.
“There was an industrial complex in Moscow where handicraft workers gathered and made dolls under the leadership of Gemstbo. Did you say that Matryoshka is the most representative of them? It is said that the doll is uniquely made of wood and has a doll inside the doll. In addition, the chaebols who want to join the upper class may use the attitude to fill their vanity and raise their prestige by supporting the arts field. for example… … .”
I took a breath and continued.
“okay. Why don’t you offer an opportunity to receive high praise for their sponsored works at the Paris World Exposition that will be held soon? I think our capitalist friends would be willing to open their wallets if they were given the opportunity to show off their artistic perspective not only in Russia, but in the world.”
In addition to the ones I mentioned, there were more items that maintained their competitiveness with sensitivity that mass-produced industrial products could not keep up with.
Representatively, Gzök ceramics representing Korea and Lomonosov ceramics, which were established in St. Petersburg, were exported to Western Europe and received high praise.
Russian capitalists of this era were willing to donate to the establishment of infrastructure such as hospitals and schools while exploiting workers.
Even Mamontov, who made enormous wealth in the railroad sector and made it easy to transport goods, helped to the collapse of the handicraft industry, created a village for artists and invited them to an area called Ibramchevo in Moscow.
It was ironic, but this was happening throughout Russian society.
This was thought to have originated from the patriarchal thinking peculiar to Russia, of which social leadership should do something to the lower class and lead them.
“Your Majesty is trying to take advantage of the desire and vanity of the capitalist class to be incorporated into the upper class in the true meaning of their real meaning and to gain recognition from them, and the longing you have for the city of Paris.”
I could be confident that if I offered to give the capitalists the opportunity to be recognized at the Paris Universal Exposition, there would be overflowing people who would be willing to take my hand out.
It was the same in the 21st century, but in this era, Paris was literally being evaluated as a center of culture and culture.
“I wish I could tell you how about preparing items with a Russian look rather than just focusing on aesthetics there. Western Europe may be said to be ahead of us in terms of industry, but in terms of culture, we can also be proud to be second to them.”
In fact, even in the original history, the traditional Russian houses and woodcrafts that were actually exhibited under the leadership of the Russian national artist Jagilef at the World Exposition held in Paris in 1900 were highly praised not only by Parisians but also Europeans who visited the fair.
Although the carpentry craftsmen who actually made them wore hair that wasn’t properly organized and worn-out Russian traditional clothes with tin marks from actually wearing them at home, paradoxically, the Parisians, who are considered to be the most sophisticated, were lost in them. It seemed to have found purity.
Since then, not only Paris, but also London, Chicago, Leipzig, New York, etc., specializing in Russian crafts shops have been built, and it has become common for European parents to buy Russian dolls such as Matryoshka for their children. It elicited an explosive reaction.
‘Because Paul Poiret, a designer from Paris, a leading fashion designer, created a new costume called Lucy, a blouse inspired by Russian peasant clothes, I can be confident that the traditional Russian culture can be eaten in the world.’
It’s been a bit far away, but if you think about this achievement without much support under the government’s initiative, isn’t there a law that says that just opening a waterway just a little bit will not lead to Romanesque, Zaponesque, and Rusnesque?
I talked as I imagined people in clothes that took a motif from traditional Russian costumes walking through the square in front of the Eiffel Tower.
“I also take it for granted that the size of the bloated handicraft industry is shrinking. But in the process, shouldn’t we prevent those with endless possibilities from being swept away? Just because the tree is thick, it means that the tree itself should not be killed in the pruning process. We have to cut the unnecessary parts to the last so that we do not remove the parts that are essential to the life of the tree.”
After hearing me, Bite pondered and answered.
“Then, according to your Majesty’s plan, the center of this policy will be the chaebols and the gems in Moscow. The central government only takes on the role of providing space and opening opportunities. If so, I will first contact Dmitry Shipov, chairman of Moscow Gestvo. Unlike this place where traditional folk art and traditional crafts have ceased to exist, Moscow still has artisans in related fields. In addition, as your Majesty said, the craft complex related to dolls was built on the initiative of Gemstbo, so you will have a high degree of prior understanding of this issue.”
“Let it be. And an additional note.”
And this wasn’t the end of what I prepared.
Paperwork ¹: In printing, it refers to the work of selecting the type of type that will be put on the letterpress in order to extract the print as the original.
It is said that the printing press came into Russia in the 1870s, and in the 1890s, printing works in large quantities in factories and the like were carried out in the 1890s.
korean novel I hate Communist Party chapter 120